Not much information is available written in English for the use of cork hives in medieval and Renaissance time periods. There is mostly pictorial evidence. Cork hives were cylindrical or cube shaped. These hives were used primarily in Spain and Portugal because of the abundant availability of the material. The methods of creating cork hives did not change from period through at least this time.
Evidence of cork hives has been found in France. The use of cork hives could also relate to temperature. This is true of hives of any style and material.
Cork hives are used to this day. There is a movement to increase the amount of cork used in art and for practical uses.